Situation of Germany after the Treaty of Versailles
The Treaty of Versailles left for Germany a series of clauses that made the country could not grow internally, within these we must prioritize the type:
for which Germany was devoid of military material (they could not create it either) and its fleet, in the same way its army would be reduced to 100,000 men and 4,000 officers (without the possibility of having heavy artillery, aviation or submarines). In the same way, the Army General Staff was dissolved and compulsory military service was eliminated.
They had to deliver all the merchant ships of more than 1400 T and also had to supply with new ships annually, due to the loss of allied ships during the conflict. On the other hand, it was forced to deliver 44 million tons of coal, 371,000 head of cattle and half of the chemical and pharmaceutical production during a period of five years.
They also expropriated German private property in all territories and colonies (which they lost). And the payment of 132,000 million gold marks (something too excessive).
In 1919 Hitler was united to the Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or what is the same the German Working Party, that in 1920 happened to be defined like Party National Socialist German Worker, which was well-known like the Nazi party.
From the beginning we will find opposition to Marxist thoughts and were clear enemies of the Treaty of Versailles and the government of the Weimar Republic, because they had made Germany fall into ruin. One of the most important elements of the party would be the defense of nationalism and Pan-Germanism, as well as the promotion of a great anti-Semitism.
In 1923 Hitler made an attempted coup d'etat, popularly known as the Putsch in Munich, which ended with a five-year sentence in the Landsberg prison, in which he wrote his famous work, Mein Kampf (My Struggle). On the other hand, he devoted himself to misrepresenting all the allegations against him in order to show the German people that the republic was guilty of the state of Germany.
the crack of 29 would be produced, which further weakened the Weimar Republic and caused the Nazi Party and the Communist Party to rise on the lists in the 1930 elections. On January 30, 1933 Hitler was appointed chancellor of Germany after a coalition between the Nazi Party and the conservative nationalist parties. After the burning of the Reichstag, Hitler became much more authoritarian, demanding from other political parties his vote for everything and eliminating the communists from the government
The culminating moment came when Adolf Hitler asked the Reichstag on March 24, 1933 to enact a law to give full powers "temporarily" to end the instability in the country, this law allowed him to govern for four years in a state of emergency , the first thing he did was to eliminate the other parties, making it only possible for the Nazi party to run for election.