Psychology- (Wilhelm Wundt)- Scientific study of mind and behavior. (book- Principles of Physiological Psychology)
Consciousness- a person’s subjective experience of the world and the mind.
Structuralism- the analysis of the basic elements that constitute the mind.
Behavior- observable actions of a human or animal.
Philosophers- do not draw conclusions or seek truth by examining observable events (empiricism) but rather by using rationalism -- drawing conclusion by reasoning and logic.
Nativism-(Plato)- The philosophical view that certain kinds of knowledge are innate or hidden.
Philosophical Empiricism-(Aristotle)- All knowledge is acquired through experience. Mind is a blank slate.
Phrenology- (Franz Joseph Gall)- Discredited theory that specific