Notes, abstracts, papers, exams and problems of Social sciences

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Authoritarian monarchy

Classified in Social sciences

Written at on English with a size of 564 bytes.

authoritarian monarchy:
manarcas supported the following elements:
- The domain of a large unified territory.
- The subjection of the feudal nobility.
- Creation of a standing army and a justice imdependiente given by judges.
-collection of taxes
- Creation of an administration
- Creation of diplomacy that is the establishment of relations with other countries to solve problems without arms reach.
q told the first countries with authoritarian monarqia portugal england were France and Spain.

Language vs Dialect: Power Dynamics and Societal Influence

Classified in Social sciences

Written at on English with a size of 2.3 KB.

Regarding the difference between a language and a dialect can be confusing. A language is a mental phenomenon, the language lives in the mind because it is a cognitive ability. However, a dialect is a certain type of linguistic variety. It is the way of speaking of a community which is a bit different from the standard one. One problem is dialectal continuum:

The distinction is very broad. If we ask how many languages there are, we will not have an exact answer because there are over 4000 and 6000 languages. It is difficult to say which is a language or which is not. The word 'language' is a concept more political than scientific, the decision in the end is political. For example, the Swedes, Danish, and Norwegians speak highly similar linguistic... Continue reading "Language vs Dialect: Power Dynamics and Societal Influence" »

A body is placed in a certain airstream

Classified in Social sciences

Written at on English with a size of 7.75 KB.

Main points: Complete sentence statements the two to four central ideas the audience needs To understand for your speech goal to be realized.

Thesis Statement: a one or two sentence summary of the speech that Incorporates the general and specific goals and previews the main points

A speech Outline: is a sentence representation of the hierarchical and Sequential relationships among the ideas presented in the speech. When you have The thesis statement you can being outlining the main points that will make up The body of your speech

Formal Outline: a full sentence outline of your speech that includes Internal references and reference list

Preparation Outline: provides a starting point of main points but doesn’t Specify clearly how each main points

... Continue reading "A body is placed in a certain airstream" »

Lazarsfeld's Two-Step Flow Theory of Mass Communication

Classified in Social sciences

Written at on English with a size of 2.36 KB.

Lazarsfeld's theory:

The two-step flow of communication model hypothesizes that ideas flow from mass media to opinion leaders, and from them to a wider population. It was first introduced by sociologist Paul Lazarsfeld et al. in 1944[4] and elaborated by Elihu Katz and Lazarsfeld in 1955[5] and subsequent publications.[6] Lowery and DeFleur argue the book was much more than a simple research report: it was an effort to interpret the authors' research within a framework of conceptual schemes, theoretical issues, and research findings drawn broadly from the scientific study of small groups [7] Unlike the hypodermic needle model, which considers mass media effects to be direct, the two-step flow model stresses human agency.

For example, in the field... Continue reading "Lazarsfeld's Two-Step Flow Theory of Mass Communication" »

Understanding Nouns and Pronouns

Classified in Social sciences

Written at on English with a size of 4.05 KB.

Types of nouns

Common noun A common noun is a noun that refers to people or things in general, e.g. boy, country, bridge, city, birth, day, happiness.

Proper noun A proper noun is a name that identifies a particular person, place, or thing, e.g. Steven, Africa, London, Monday. In written English, proper nouns begin with capital letters.

Concrete noun A concrete noun is a noun which refers to people and to things that exist physically and can be seen, touched, smelled, heard, or tasted. Examples include dog, building, coffee, tree, rain, beach, tune.

Abstract noun An abstract noun is a noun which refers to ideas, qualities, and conditions - things that cannot be seen or touched and things which have no physical reality, e.g. truth, danger, happiness,

... Continue reading "Understanding Nouns and Pronouns" »

The Renaissance: Literature, Theater, and Ideology

Classified in Social sciences

Written at on English with a size of 3.82 KB.


TEMA 3 Renaissance 1: The decline of the M.A, divided in: The end of the 100 years war, the peasant revolts and church schism. The beginning of the new period in Europe: technological development like printing press, discovery of America, military development. In England: Tudor dynasty, the break with Rome, union between Wales and England (1536).


Reaction against M.A., the classical as models, critical attitude towards the court, centrality of man -> heliocentrism, ideal renaissance man -> justice, prudence, honor, pledge, foundation of universities, education is central, interest in man history...

The Reformation:

The Catholics vs. Protestants. - Theological issues: Basis of Salvation. - Protestantism: faith + free interpretation... Continue reading "The Renaissance: Literature, Theater, and Ideology" »

The Harmful Effects of Reality Shows on Young Viewers

Classified in Social sciences

Written at on English with a size of 2.63 KB.

It is generally accepted that most people spend a long time in front of the TV, especially consuming reality shows. In this discussion, we will focus on how these shows might be harmful for viewers.

Probably the most important issue is that these shows are watched by many people, perhaps because they do not require high concentration or previous knowledge about any field. Many people find reality shows entertaining. Interestingly, many people agree on the idea of watching how famous people live with each other or do little games in order to compete. Although I am not willing to spend hours in front of the TV watching it, many people find it more entertaining than going out for instance.

Nevertheless, there is an important issue. There has been... Continue reading "The Harmful Effects of Reality Shows on Young Viewers" »

I is correct ii is correct

Classified in Social sciences

Written at on English with a size of 4.29 KB.

Empirical sciences divided in natural and social sciences characterize physical and social system, respectively, using empirical methods. And empirical method involves the use of objective, quantitative observation in a systematically controlled, replicable situation, in order to test or refine a theory. Natural science is a branch of science concerned with the description, prediction and understanding of natural phenomena, based on empirical evidence from observation and experimentation. Hypothetical-deductive method we already know for it is the meanly used method in natural sciences Social science begins in the Age of Enlightenment which saw a revolution within natural philosophy changing the basic framework to understand what science is.
... Continue reading "I is correct ii is correct" »

Autocratic cockpit synergistic laissez faire

Classified in Social sciences

Written at on English with a size of 2.15 KB.


Three key concepts:


Process of leading A group and influencing that group to achieve its goals.


TRAIT THEORIES: Search for traits or Characteristics that differentiate leaders from non leaders.

BEHAVIORAL THEORIES: Theories that isolate behaviour That differentiate effective leaders from ineffective leaders

 ▪An autocratic style leader That tends to centralize authority, make unilateral decisions, and limit Employee participation.

▪ A democratic Style a leader that tends to involve employees in decision making, Delegates authority.

▪ A laissez-faire Style leader that tends to gives his employees complete freedom to make Decisions.

CONTINGENCY THEORIES: Willingness to make great efforts to achieve

... Continue reading "Autocratic cockpit synergistic laissez faire" »

Life as a Student in Spain: My Journey Towards Economics

Classified in Social sciences

Written at on English with a size of 2.01 KB.

First of all, I'm a student of Spain, Catalonia, in the city of Barcelona. In my school, it isn't obligatory to wear a uniform, only in physical education courses.

My life as a student is very simple, since it is something every day. Aside, my time as a student has been very satisfactory, since I have learned many new things that have allowed me to develop myself better as a person, to develop my intellectual abilities later employed in the future. For me, the study is a very important tool needed for what you want to be grown-up and achieve higher social status and economic. Within this stage of student I have to do homework and study in the afternoons, after school.

However, what I most like is working group, because between us we can lend... Continue reading "Life as a Student in Spain: My Journey Towards Economics" »