World War 1: Causes, Key Figures, and Aftermath

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NATIONALISM: devotion to the interests and culture of one's nation.

MILITARISM: building up armed forces to prepare for war.

ALLIES: Great Britain, France and Russia and later the US joined.

CENTRAL POWERS: Germany, Austria-Hungary and Ottoman Empire.

FRANZ FERDINAND: assassination young heir of the Austria-Hungary throne that triggered the war.

NO MAN'S LAND: space between armies fighting each other.

TRENCH WARFARE: fighting between fortified ditches.

LUSITANIA: British passenger ship attacked by the Germans.

ZIMMERMAN NOTE: message proposing alliance between Mexico and Germany.

SELECTIVE SERVICE ACT: law requiring men to register for military service.

CONVOY SYSTEM: having merchant ships travel in groups protected by warships.

AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE: the name given to the American military force that fought in WW1.

GENERAL JOHN J PERSHING: the commander of the American Expeditionary Force.

EDDIE RICKENBACKER: famous American fighter pilot.

ALVIN YORK: American war hero.

CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTOR: person who believes fighting is wrong and therefore doesn't want to serve for the war.

ARMISTICE: truce agreement.

WAR INDUSTRIAL BOARD: agency to improve efficiency in war-related industries.

BERNARD BARUCH: leader of the War Industrial Board.

PROPAGANDA: kind of biased communication designed to influence people's thoughts and actions.

GEORGE CREEL: head of the Committee of Public Information, government's propaganda agency.

ESPIONAGE AND SEDITION ACTS: law that enacted harsh penalties and jail to anyone opposing the US participation in the war.

GREAT MIGRATION: movement of many African Americans to northern cities from the South, to escape racial discrimination, there were more job opportunities in the North and floods affected the cotton fields in the South.

FOURTEEN POINTS: Wilson's plan for world peace following WW1, in this he wanted to create a League of Nations, but in this speech he didn't call for harsh separations against central powers. Countries should not make secret treaties with one another, (2) freedom of the seas should be maintained, (3) tariffs should be lowered to promote free trade, (4) countries should reduce their arms, and (5) the interests of the colonial people should be considered.

LEAGUE OF NATIONS: an international peacekeeping organization proposed by Wilson.

TREATY OF VERSAILLES: the treaty that ended World War 1, Germany had to take blame for the war and pay for the damages. This treaty humiliated Germany.

WAR GUILT CLAUSE: part of the Treaty of Versailles which Germany took responsibility for, the forced Germany to admit that they started WW1.

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