Using Verb+Gerund or Infinitive in Spanish

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Verb+Gerund or Infinitive

When we use two verbs together in a sentence, the second verb should be placed next to the gerund or infinitive. (They enjoy playing tennis - verb+gerund) (They want to play tennis - verb+to infinitive)

Common Verbs that Take Gerund:

  • admit
  • advise
  • avoid
  • can't help
  • can't imagine
  • can't stand
  • complete
  • consider
  • discuss
  • dislike
  • don't mind
  • enjoy
  • finish
  • give up
  • imagine

We form the negative by placing "not" before the gerund.

Common Verbs that Take To+Infinitive:

  • afford
  • agree
  • appear
  • arrange
  • ask
  • attempt
  • beg
  • choose
  • dare
  • decide
  • demand
  • deserve
  • expect
  • fail
  • hesitate
  • hope
  • intend
  • learn
  • manage
  • mean
  • need
  • offer
  • prepare
  • pretend
  • promise
  • refuse
  • seem
  • threaten
  • wait
  • want
  • wish
  • 'd/would like

We use the gerund:

  • as the subject or object of the verb
  • after a preposition (Shakespeare is famous for writing plays and poetry)
  • after "be/get used to"

We use to+infinitive:

  • after adjectives (I'm very sad to leave you)
  • to give a reason or show purpose (He went to the shops to buy a coat)


These verbs can be used as: verb+to infinitive or verb+object+to infinitive: ask, beg, expect, help, mean, want, would hate, would like, would love, would prefer. Only verb+object+to infinitive: enable, force, invite, order, persuade, remind, teach, tell, warn.

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