Auditory LearnersThese learners have highly developed auditory skills and often think in words. They enjoy reading, playing word games, and making up poetry or stories. They can be taught by encouraging them to say and see words, and by reading books together. Tools include computers, games, multimedia, books, tape recorders, and lectures.
Visual-Spatial LearnersThese learners think in terms of physical space, like architects and sailors. They are very aware of their environments and enjoy activities such as drawing, doing jigsaw puzzles, and reading maps. They can be taught through drawings, verbal and physical imagery. Tools include models, graphics, charts, photographs, drawings, 3-D modeling, video, videoconferencing, television, multimedia, and texts with pictures/charts/graphs.
Logical-Mathematical LearnersThese learners excel in reasoning and calculating. They think conceptually and abstractly, and are able to see and explore patterns and relationships. They enjoy experimenting, solving puzzles, and asking cosmic questions. They can be taught through logic games, investigations, and mysteries. They need to learn and form concepts before they can deal with details.
Bodily-Kinesthetic LearnersThese learners use their bodies effectively, like dancers or surgeons. They have a keen sense of body awareness and enjoy movement, making things, and touching. They communicate well through body language and can be taught through physical activity, hands-on learning, acting out, and role playing. Tools include equipment and real objects.
Musical LearnersThese learners show sensitivity to rhythm and sound. They love music and are also sensitive to sounds in their environments. They may study better with music in the background. They can be taught by turning lessons into lyrics, speaking rhythmically, and tapping out time. Tools include musical instruments, music, radio, stereo, CD-ROM, and multimedia.
Interpersonal LearnersThese learners excel in understanding and interacting with others. They learn through interaction and have many friends, empathy for others, and street smarts. They can be taught through group activities, seminars, and dialogues. Tools include the telephone, audio conferencing, time and attention from the instructor, video conferencing, writing, computer conferencing, and email.
Intrapersonal LearnersThese learners excel in understanding their own interests and goals. They tend to shy away from others and are in tune with their inner feelings. They have wisdom, intuition, motivation, a strong will, confidence, and opinions. They can be taught through independent study and introspection. Tools include books, creative materials, diaries, privacy, and time. They are the most independent of the learners.
Naturalist LearnersAt first, it may seem impossible to teach to all learning styles. However, as we move into using a mix of media or multimedia, it becomes easier. As we understand learning styles, it becomes apparent why multimedia appeals to learners and why a mix of media is more effective. It satisfies the many types of learning preferences that one person may embody or that a class embodies.