Theory of roman law

Classified in History

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Definition: Means Your demeanor.

Location in texts: Hippocrates’ Decorum

Significance/theme: Shows how doctor’s needed to display an attitude that shows they are reputable. It is similar to the ideas of Decorum and Prognosis.


Definition: Means Brevity of speech.

Location in texts: Hippocrates’ Decorum

Significance/theme: Doctor should be brief and to the point. Contrast with what we think now. Shows The idea that you don't want to frighten your patient and tell them too much. Might make them worse, don't wont to tell them everything.


Definition: Means “sexual Excess.”

Location in texts: Aristotle’s Problems

Significance/theme: Describes Hellenistic medicine and the balance of humors. Aristotle says sex is Beneficial to diseases caused by phlegm because semen is the secretion of Excrement that resembles phlegm. Also, one of Aristotle’s problems was why do Certain hairy men have so much sexual desire. He said the reason is that they Have too much phlegm; hair keeps them warm because phlegm makes you cold.

Cato The Elder (234-149 BCE)

Definition: Roman Senator and history known for his conservatism and opposition to Hellenization.

Location in texts: Plutarch. Cato’s On Farming and Origins

Significance/theme: He was the first to write history in Latin. He was hostile to Greek doctors and Didn’t trust them. He had some medical knowledge, but mostly home remedies with Wine. He shows how the Romans were static and conservative in medicine.

Aulus Cornelius Celsus (fl. C. 25-50 CE)

Definition: A Roman encyclopaedist, not a physician.

Location in texts: Celsus’ On Medicine

Significance/theme: He gives a historical account of medicine up to his day. He is a source for Rationalists vs. Empiricists.  He thinks Theory is important but that practice is slightly more important. Thinks Vivisections are cruel and that you can learn anatomy from an already dead Person.

Asclepiades Of Bithynia (c. 124-40 BCE)

Definition: Greek Teacher then physician who flourishes in Rome.

Location in texts: Pliny’s Natural History. Apuleius’ Florida

Significance/theme: He raised a new theory about health being about atoms (corpuscule). Pliny later Critiques him, mainly because he’s Greek. He was a fan of warm baths because he Believes they opened up the pores to realign the corpuscules. His theory said That all disease is the result of blocked atoms.

Marcus Sergius (218-201 BCE)

Definition: A Great Roman patriot and soldier.

Location in texts: Pliny’s Natural History

Significance/theme: He keeps showing up for battle even though he is wounded. He has the first Prostatic known as the iron hand.


Definition: Tiny Bodies that travel through pores and the imbalance of which cause disease.

Location in texts: Caelius Aurelianus’ Acute Diseases and Asclepiades.

Significance/theme: This theory of medicine showed that health is related to air going through the Body, sounds similar to that of a phlegmitist.

Scribonius Largus (fl. 47 CE)

Definition: Largus Was a medical writer and doctor who wrote in Latin as opposed to Greek.

Location in texts: Largus’ Compositiones

Significance/theme: He presents a “Roman” version of Hippocratic medicine and ethics. He also Travelled with the Roman army. He shows that Romans and Greeks have different Ethical attitudes. For example, a Roman doctor should treat everyone even your Enemies. He says that drugs are divine hands. He wrote in Latin.

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