Safety Guidelines for Working on a Ship

Classified in Physical Education

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Down and Trimmed by the Stern

Vessel loaded with cargo and the draught aft is larger than forward.

Deck Line

Line at the highest point of the upper freeboard deck. Recorded on the outside of the hull by a short line welded on the shell plating above the Plimsoll mark.

General Considerations

  • Good physical conditions and staying healthy.
  • Misusing of alcohol or drugs.
  • Do not drink alcohol while undergoing medical treatment.
  • Personal cleanliness is essential.
  • Use a protective cream on your skin.
  • Clean all cuts and abrasions to prevent infections.

Working Clothing

  • Working clothes should be comfortable but sufficiently close-fitting.
  • Gaping pockets, sweat rags, watch straps, and rings are easily caught in moving machinery.
  • Wear industrial footwear with slip-resistant soles and reinforced toe caps.
  • Wear gloves to protect against the dangers of ropes, sharp or rough objects, acids, and chemicals.

Protective Clothing and Equipment

  • Wear ear defenders or ear plugs.
  • Wear a safety helmet.
  • Wear goggles or protective glasses.

Fire Precautions

  • Do not keep inflammable materials in your cabin.
  • Do not accumulate rubbish in corners.
  • Do not smoke in your bunk.
  • Keep your cabin tidy and clean.
  • Disconnect the plugs when you leave the cabin.
  • Report any defects in electrical equipment.
  • Do not overload sockets with many appliances.

Lifting and Carrying

  • Stand close to the load with your feet slightly apart.
  • Bend your knees and keep the back straight.
  • Grip the load with your whole hand.
  • Lift by straightening your legs, keep the load close to your body.

Movement about the Ship

  • Most accidents on board ship are caused by slips, trips, or falls.
  • Watch for slippery patches.
  • Watch for obstructions on deck.
  • Carry tools on a tool belt.
  • Keep your hands free to grasp the handrail.
  • Keep clear of operations if you are not involved.
  • Openings must be fenced or guarded.

Access to Ship

  • Be alert of gangways or accommodation ladders not properly rigged, secured, and fenced.
  • Do not use portable ladders unless it is absolutely necessary.

What is a Confined Space?

An enclosed area with limited openings for entry and exit. It lacks favorable ventilation and a design for continuous worker occupancy.

Types of Confined Spaces

Boilers / Ballast tanks / Pump rooms / Cargo tanks

Common Hazards Associated with Confined Spaces

Suffocation due to freed flowing solids. Serious risk of fire and explosion. Drowning arising from increased water level. Loss of consciousness from asphyxiation: Gas, Lack of oxygen, Vapor, Fumes, Body temperature

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