THE RESTORATION OF THE ANCIENT REGIME
It was a return to the political system of the ancient regime.
Congress of vienna (1814-1815).
× Absolute monarchies reinstated. Some had to accept constitutions, limiting their power.
× Europe's borders were changed.
× Their European powers agree to support any monarch was threatened by revolutions.
- THE HOLLY ALLIANCE:
× Russia, Austria and Prussia the monarch of this countries promised to help each other.
- THE QUADRUPLE ALLIANCE:
× Prussia, Russia, Austria and Great Britain wanted to hold regular meeting to resolve Europe's problems.
LIBERALISM, NATIONALISM AND DEMOCRACY.
The revolutions of the 19th century were inspired by liberalism, nationalism and democracy.
× Bourgeoisie takes the control of the goverment and there's limited male suffrage. (just white man with a certain amount of money could vote).
× They advocated the rights of people who defined themselves as nations to establish a independent states, nation-state made up of people who had common history, language and culture.
× There's universal manhood suffrage ( everybody can vote) and they preferred the Republic as the form of goverment.