Recognize Medical Terms in Chinese and Their Pinyin Translations

Classified in Biology

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Recognize the following words and give Pinyin for them:

  • 住院 zhùyuàn
  • 学期 xuéqī
  • 专业 zhuānyè
  • 基础 jīchǔ
  • 时间 shíjiān
  • 要求 yāoqiú

Make up sentences with the given words:

  • 这学期你们开了几门课?我想去医院看朋友。
  • 窗户上挂着一个牌子。在病历里夹着吗?什么时候可以出院?
  • 我昨天晚上一点才睡觉。学校下个星期六开运动会。我们留学生可以参加吗?

Choose the proper words to fill in the blanks:

  • 你的解剖实验报告写完了吗?
  • 星期一我已经把请假条交给老师了。
  • 还是不能确定是肺癌还是肺结核。
  • 这是一部关于中国历史的电影。
  • 上星期卡瓦不是来借过你的词典吗?

Common rescue drugs for allergic shock:

  • Immediately subcutaneous injection of adrenaline
  • Corticosteroids or antihistamines in severe cases

Common pharmacokinetic characteristics of aminoglycoside antibiotics:

  • Difficult to absorb orally
  • Distributed in extracellular fluid
  • Excreted through the kidneys

Classification of antiarrhythmic drugs and representative drugs:

  • Class I: Sodium Channel Blockers
  • Class II: Beta-Adrenergic Blockers
  • Class III: Drugs that Prolong action potential
  • Class IV: Calcium Channel Blockers

Mechanism of action and clinical application of Heparin:

  • Activates antithrombin III, inactivates coagulation factors
  • Used in thromboembolic diseases, myocardial infarction

Characteristics of cardiac glycoside in enhancing myocardial contractility:

  • Accelerates shortening speed of myocardial fibers
  • Increases cardiac output in CHF patients

Adverse reactions of glucocorticoids:

  • Iatrogenic Cushing’s syndrome
  • Increased susceptibility to infections
  • Cardiovascular effects, osteoporosis, CNS effects

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