Past Simple or Present Perfect Tense
Start: started Changed: have changed Not have: didn't have Be: were or was Become: have become
- Direct Speech Reported Speech
Dr. Lopez: That's right. Dr. Lopez said that was right.
He asked, “Are you busy tonight?”: He asked me if I was busy that night.
He said I'm making dinner: He told me that he was making dinner.
I'll see you later: She said that she would see me later.
I had taken English lessons before: She said that she had taken English lessons before.
I haven't seen Julie: She said that she hadn't seen Julie.
I was walking along the street: She said that she had been walking along the street.
- Second Conditional
She doesn’t speak English, so she doesn’t understand you: If she didn't speak English, she would understand you.
He can’t drive, so he won’t buy a car: If he couldn’t drive, he would buy a car.
He isn’t rich, so he won't buy a beach house: If he wasn’t rich, he wouldn’t buy a beach.