Parts of Eukaryotic Cells and the Cell Cycle

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Parts of Eukaryotic Cells:

  • Animal: cytoskeleton, cilia and flagella, proteasomes, ribosomes, nucleus, centrioles, vacuoles, golgi apparatus, endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria, lysosomes.
  • Plant: ribosomes, cell wall, cytoskeleton, proteasomes, plastids, vacuoles, golgi apparatus, nucleus, endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria.

Cell Cycle:

All changes that a cell undergoes from its formation until its division into two new cells.


  • Interphase: The longest phase, cells do not divide. Before the end of this phase, cells duplicate their DNA.
  • Mphase: This short phase, the cell reproduces by cellular division. Two new cells are formed. This can occur in 2 processes:


The process in which the cell nucleus duplicates with the same genetic material.


Occurs after mitosis, it is the process by which the parent cell's cytoplasm divides into two daughter cells.


DNA is packaged and twisted around other biomolecules, mainly proteins, forming a fibrous material called chromatin-chromosome.

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