Mitosis and Meiosis

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Mitosis: is a dynamic, continuous and very complex whereby the nuclear material is duplicated and then divided and shared equally between the daughter cells.
Phases of mitosis: interphase, prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase.
Chromatic chromosome is a newly formed, still attached by the centromere.
Equatorial plate: the formation is taken as linear chromosomes in the center of the spindle in the metaphase stage of mitosis and meiosis.
Spindle fibers: attract the respective chromosomes toward the centrioles.
Meiosis is a type of reduction division and multiple it is performed by two successive divisions during which four daughter cells are formed, the chromosomes are duplicated so that the number of chromosomes that appear in each of the four cells is the half that of the parent cell.

Differences in Mitosis and Meiosis:

-Mitosis: gives rise to 2 daughter cells takes place in one division, the daughter cells have the same number of chromosomes as the parent cell, makes possible the growth and regeneration of tissues, the process is shorter, it present in most somatic cells of the body.
-Meiosis: cell gives rise to 4 daughters, takes place in two successive and continuous divisions, the daughter cells have half the mother cell chromosome, sexual reproduction becomes possible, the process is longer, are present only in some cells.

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