Key Events and Figures of the American Civil War

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Dred Scott Case

Dred Scott, an enslaved African American, unsuccessfully sued for his freedom.

Emancipation Proclamation

Issued by President Abraham Lincoln, this document granted freedom to enslaved people in Confederate states.

Anaconda Plan

A Union military strategy aimed at strangulating the South through land and naval blockades.

Jim Crow Laws

These laws enforced racial segregation in the Southern United States.

"White Backlash"

The negative response of some white people to the racial progress of other ethnic groups.

Fugitive Slave Law

Part of the Compromise of 1850, this law required the return of enslaved people who escaped to free states.

Frederick Douglass

After escaping slavery, he became a prominent abolitionist and activist.

Gettysburg Address

A speech by Abraham Lincoln emphasizing the principles of equality and freedom.

Harriet Tubman

Born into slavery, she rescued approximately 70 enslaved people and became a leading abolitionist.

Robert E. Lee

A Confederate general known for his military leadership during the Civil War.

15th Amendment

This amendment granted voting rights to all men regardless of race.

Compromise of 1850

A series of measures aimed at resolving sectional tensions, including the admission of California as a free state.

William Sherman

A Union general known for his "March to the Sea" and contributions to Union victory.

Ulysses S. Grant

The 18th president of the United States and a key Union general during the Civil War.

Missouri Compromise

This compromise admitted Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state.

Policy of Leniency

President Lincoln's plan for Reconstruction, offering a path for Confederate states to rejoin the Union.

Radical Republicans

A political faction advocating for the abolition of slavery and civil rights for African Americans.

Total War

A military strategy involving the complete mobilization of resources and targeting of civilian infrastructure.

Plessy v. Ferguson

A Supreme Court case that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation under the "separate but equal" doctrine.

Dawes Act of 1887

This act aimed to assimilate Native Americans into European-American culture by dividing tribal lands into individual allotments.

Jefferson Davis

The president of the Confederate States of America during the Civil War.

Habeas Corpus

A legal principle protecting individuals from unlawful imprisonment.

Homestead Act

This act granted 160 acres of land to settlers who agreed to cultivate and improve the land.

Battle of Olustee

The largest battle fought in Florida during the Civil War, resulting in a Confederate victory.


Scalawag: A term used to describe Southerners who supported Reconstruction policies.

Black Codes: Laws passed by Southern states to restrict the rights of African Americans after the Civil War.

Timeline of Events in Florida (1860-1865)


  • October 1: John Milton, a pro-secession Democrat, is elected governor of Florida.
  • November 7: Abraham Lincoln is elected president of the United States.
  • November 30: Governor Madison Perry signs a bill calling for a secession convention.
  • December 22: Elections are held for delegates to the Secession Convention.


  • January 3: The Secession Convention convenes in Tallahassee.
  • January 10: Florida secedes from the United States.
  • February 22: The Confederate States of America is formally organized.
  • April 12: The Civil War begins with the Confederate bombardment of Fort Sumter.


  • February-March: Confederate troops withdraw from Florida due to defeats in Tennessee.
  • March 4: Union troops occupy Fernandina.
  • March 11-12: St. Augustine and Jacksonville are occupied by Union forces.


  • January 1: The Emancipation Proclamation is issued.
  • July 1-3: The Battle of Gettysburg takes place.
  • December 2-15: Union warships destroy Confederate saltworks in Florida.


  • February 20: The Battle of Olustee is fought, resulting in a Confederate victory.
  • September 27: The Battle of Marianna takes place.


  • April 9: General Robert E. Lee surrenders to General Ulysses S. Grant.
  • April 14: President Lincoln is assassinated.
  • May 10: Confederate troops formally surrender in Tallahassee.

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