Jefferson's Beliefs, Election of 1800, Marbury v. Madison, War of 1812

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1. What were Jefferson’s beliefs about the role of government?

He believed in having a limited power but setbacks were in order. He was anti-federalists//jeffersonian republican. He believed in frugality (little spending) and simplicity which means he cut back on some things. He cut back on the army and on government employees. He also wanted to cut back on taxes and resulted in getting rid of the whole national debt. He believed that each states had to have their own rights like education, road maintenance and such. Expansionism

2.In the election of 1800s what were the Federalists afraid of?

Federalists were afraid of revolution and chaos. (Adams) because if Jefferson won the election everything was going to change.

3.In the election of 1800s what were the D-Republicans afraid of?

They were afraid of Adams gaining so much power, and him becoming King and establishing a monarchy.

4.What was the significance of Marbury v. Madison?

The significance is that because Madison went back and checked that the writ of Mandamus was unconstitutional. It gave the supreme court the judicial review, which is that they have the power of going back to the constitutional to determine if a law is constitutional.

5.Why did Napoleon sell the Louisiana territory?

It might cause conflict with usa later.He needed money for the war he was fighting against the British. He needed money to pay off war debts, he was unsuccessful at colonizing Haiti

6.Where did Lewis and Clark explore?

The Louisiana territory.

7.What was the Embargo Act? What reasons led up to it?

American ships could not sail to foreign ports and prohibited American exports to all foreign countries. Angry at British and France for not respecting the neutrality.

8.Why was the Embargo Act a failure?

The economic was bad. The money of exports went from $108M to $2

9.Where did most of the War of 1812 take place?

Canadian border and US

10.Name three famous battles.

1. Battle of Lake Erie. 2. Battle of Thames 3. Battle of New Orleans

11.Who was the Indian chief that led battles in the War of 1812?

Tecumseh, Chief from Shawnee tribe.

12.Who were “war hawks”?

Jeffersonian Republicans wanted declaration of war with the British.

13.Name three causes of the War of 1812.

a. Freedom of the seas (respect Neutrality Proclamation)

b. American resentment of Britain

c. American belief that the Brits in Canada were arming and encouraging the Indians

d. American ambition to annex Canada and Florida

14.Name three heroes of the War of 1812?

a.Andrew Jackson

b.General Harrison

c.Commander Oliver Hazard

15.What were the results of the War of 1812?

a.Growth of American Nationalism

b.Strengthening of Isolationism

c.Increase in westward migration

d.Encouragement of American Industry

e.Disappearance of the Federalist Party

16.Explain the Rush-Bagot Treaty of 1817.

The Rush-Bagot Agreement - resolved fishing rights. Treaty between the Unites States and Britain that effectively demilitarized the Great Lakes by sharply limiting the number of ships each power could station on them.

17.Explain the Monroe Doctrine.

Isolation policy. 3 rules: 1) Us would not get involved in european affaire // 2) It prohibited foreign colonization of the wester hemisphere. // 3) It prohibited foreign involvement in the affairs of the western hemisphere nations.

18.Explain the Missouri Compromise.

People were afraid of the shift of power in congress, so Henry Clay came up with the missouri compromise, which stated Missouri would be a slave state, but maine would become free. Also, any states within the Louisiana purchase north of Missouri would not allow slavery, and any state south of it would allow slavery.

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