The Impact of WW1 and the Spanish Civil War

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This war was divided into two sides: Allied powers, triple entente (France, Russia, Britain) and central powers, triple Alliance (Germany, Austro-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria). They used propaganda to communicate with the people. There are main causes of World War One, four things specifically. First, militarism, arming and preparing for war. Second, Alliance, agreement to attack or defend. Third, imperialism, controlling territories and colonies. Finally, nationalist pride and supremacy. The events that passed in this war were, in 1914 Archduke's assassination, Russia mobilized its troops to defend Serbia, Germany declared war on Russia, France declared war on Germany to help Russia, and Germany declared war on France. In 1915, Germany began an aerial campaign against Britain. One year later, the first use of tanks was by the British. In 1918, the Treaty of Brest Litovsk was signed between Russia and Germany, and an Armistice was signed between Germany and the Allies. It was the bloodiest conflict in human history. 1500 million people were directly affected. The consequences of the war on geography were that the German empire lost its territories in the west, the Russian Empire became smaller, and Finland, Estonia, Lithuania, and Latvia became independent. Austro-Hungary was divided into different groups. The consequence of the Treaty of Versailles was the most important of the peace treaties.


The Spanish Civil War commenced in 1936 and terminated in 1939. The causes of that event were political instability, the second republic, social problems, such as the church controlling everything, and economic inequality, specifically a large gap between rich and poor.

The Second Republic was proclaimed in 1931. During that period, there were struggles between the parties due to different ideologies and opposing ideas about political reforms. In 1931, the republican constitution was approved, in 1933 the right wing won the elections, and in 1936, the Frente Popular won the elections, that is to say, the left. The presidents were Meceto Alcala and Manuel Azaña.

In the Spanish Civil War, the main events were the National rising, Battle for Madrid, Franco's appointment, Basque country, Ebro, but the most important one was Gernika. On April 26, 1937, Gernika was bombarded, 74% destroyed. It was a legion Condon. Gernika was bombarded because it was a weapons factory, a strategic communist point, and a republican communication center. This event happened on a Monday, market day, and lasted 3 hours. The aims of the bombing were to test German aircraft and arms, to attack civilians and frighten them, and to eliminate the communication between towns and the front line. (The Spanish republican government asked Pablo Picasso to paint the mural. It shows the tragedies of the war and the consequences for innocent civilians. It became a world symbol for peace and the feeling elements.)

In this war, there were two sides: Republican (anarchist, Basque, Catalan, etc.) and Nationalist (Falange, CEDA, Carlists, etc.). The social consequences were atrocities on both sides, and society was divided. The economic consequence was destruction, and the political consequence was that the political system was changed. Some causes of WW2 were Hitler writes, the global depression, The Treaty of Versailles, etc.

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