Functions of Pituitary Gland, Thyroid Gland, Pancreas, Adrenal Glands, Ovaries, and Testicles

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Pituitary Gland

  • ADH: Decreases the amount of water excreted in urine
  • Oxytocin: Contracts the muscles in the uterus during birth
  • Stimulating hormones: Activate other glands
  • Growth hormone: Lengthens the bones and promotes overall growth

Thyroid Gland

  • Thyroxine: Stimulates metabolism

Parathyroid Glands

  • Parathyroid hormone: Regulates the amount of calcium and phosphorus in the blood


  • Insulin: Controls the level of sugar

Adrenal Glands

  • Adrenaline: Prepares the body to work
  • Corticosteroids: Regulate various metabolic processes
  • Aldosterone: Controls the concentration of sodium and potassium in the blood


  • Estrogens: Produce and maintain female sexual traits
  • Progesterone: Allows the embryo to be implanted in the uterus


  • Androgens: Produce and maintain male sexual traits

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