End of the War: Allies are Victorious
9. END OF THE WAR: ALLIES ARE VICTORIOUS
1. - 1943 British forces gained control of North Africa and Italy, forcing Mussolini to surrender.
2. - In June 1944, Allied forces landed on Normandy, France. D-day.
3. - In May 1945, Germany surrendered. In August 1945, the United States used the atomic bomb with Japan. World War 2 was over.
End of the War: Results of the War
10. END OF THE WAR: RESULTS OF THE WAR
1. - United States and Soviet Union emerged as the most powerful countries in the world.
2. - In 1945, some 50 nations formed the United Nations, an international peacekeeping organization.
Cold War: Definition
11. COLD WAR: DEFINITION
It was a period of tense rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union.
Cold War: Causes and Effects
12. COLD WAR: CAUSES AND EFFECTS
1. - Cause: Rivalry develops between the United States and the Soviet Union after World War Two.
1. - Effect: Alliances divide Europe between Communist and noncommunist countries.
2. - Cause: Hostilities between Democratic and Communist governments increase.
2. - Effect: Germany is divided into two separate countries.
3. - Cause: The superpowers dispute the division of Germany after World War Two.
3. - Effect: The United States and the Soviet Union engage in a nuclear arms race.
Cold War: Superpowers
13. COLD WAR: SUPERPOWERS
Superpowers are strong and influential countries.
The End of Cold War: Arms Race
14. THE END OF COLD WAR: ARMS RACE
The arms race is a competition between countries to build superior weapons.
European Community: Common Market
15. EUROPEAN COMMUNITY: COMMON MARKET
A group of nations that cooperates to make trade among members easier.
European Union: Meaning
16. EUROPEAN UNION: MEANING
The European Union is an organization that promotes political and economic cooperation in Europe.
17. IRON CURTAIN
It was the imaginary line separating Europe into two parts.
Communism and Democracy
18. COMMUNISM AND DEMOCRACY
Communism: It is a political system in which the government owns all property and controls all aspects of life in a country.
Democracy: It is a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.
19. BERLIN WALL
The Berlin Wall was a guarded concrete barrier that physically and ideologically divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989. Constructed by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany), starting on 13 August 1961, the wall cut off (by land) West Berlin from virtually all of surrounding East Germany and East Berlin until government officials opened it in November 1989.