Counter Reformation: Stopping the Spread of Lutheranism

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The Catholic Church began its own reform to stop the spread of Lutheranism.

The Pope Paul III called the Council of Trent to correct the mistakes of Catholics.

  • Prohibition of the sale of indulgences
  • Creation of seminaries to improve the education of the clergy
  • Obligation of the clergy to lead an exemplary life
  • Creation of the catechism (basic teachings)

The Pope created the Inquisition in 1542, a tribunal that persecuted and punished those who didn't follow the Catholic doctrine. The Index Prohibitorum was written, with the list of forbidden books. For example: "95 Theses".

The Society of Jesus (Jesuits) spread the ideas of the Counter Reformation.

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