Comparative Adjectives and Adverbs

Classified in English

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5 Qualifying Comparative Adjectives

Use these words and phrases to refer to big differences:

  • far
  • a lot
  • much
  • considerably
  • not nearly as ... as

Cars are considerably faster and far more comfortable than bicycles.

Use these words and phrases to refer to small differences: a bit, a little, slightly.

The weather's a bit hotter than it was yesterday.

Use these words and phrases to refer to no differences: just, no.

It's no warmer than it was yesterday.

It's just as cold today as it was yesterday.


1- Regular and Irregular Adverbs

A. The majority of comparative and superlative adverbs are formed like this:

slowlymore slowlythe most slowly

B. Irregular adverbs are formed like this:

wellbetterthe best
badlyworsethe worst
littlelessthe least
muchmorethe most

C. Adverbs which are the same as adjectives:

fastfasterthe fastest
hardharderthe hardest

Other adverbs of this kind include: far, long, loud, straight.

2 The + Comparative + The

This construction links two actions or situations — when one thing happens, another thing follows. A comparative expression in the first clause is balanced by a comparative expression in the second clause. Several grammatical patterns are possible here:

  • adjective ... adjective
  • The harder a job is, the more rewarding I find it.
  • adverb ... adverb
  • The sooner we start, the quicker we'll finish.
  • adjective ... adverb, or adverb ... adjective
  • The easier a job is, the more quickly I do it.
  • more (+ noun) ... more (+ noun)
  • The more money Jack earned, the more clothes he bought.
  • less (+ clause) ... less (+ uncountable noun) / fewer (+ plural countable noun)
  • The less Bob earned, the less food / the fewer holidays he could afford.

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