The country was divided into two:
- Republicans: Socialists, Communists, Anarchists, Republicans, Basque and Catalan Nationalists
They had the help of: Soviet Union and International Bridges.
- Nationals: Falange, CEDA, Carlists, conservative upper-middle classes, The church, Landowners
They had the help of: Germany and Italy
According to the Basque Country, from the very beginning Gipuzkoa and Bizkaia were in favor of the Republic, whereas Navarre and Araba were in favor of the Nationals.