1 Inside The larynx there are two flaps of muscle which are called the vocal or folds
2 The space Between them is known as the glottis.
-wide Glottis /p/ /f/ /s/
- narrow Glottis /h/
-vocal Folds’ vibration
-tigtitly Closed ? -when we cough
Producing sounds air---stop the flow of air—move to Articulators—produce release
3 When they Are tightly closed they can be made to produce a glottal stop.
4 When they Are close together and air is passed between them, the resulting vibration is Called voicing or phonation.
5 Three Variables in this vibration that are relevant in speech are: intensity: high/low levels, frequency amount Vibration/regularity, quality whispering/breathy.
1 When a Word is written with phonetic symbols we say it is transcribed.
2 The Sounds of spoken language are divided into two basic types vowels and consonants.
3 Many Phonemes may be pronounced (“realised”) in more than one way; these different Realisations are called allophones.
4 We can Add marks to phonetic symbols to provide more information about them. These Marks are called diacritics.
5 Putting Two dots over a vowel symbol, as in ä, indicates centralization.
6 The Symbols that we use are based on the Alphabet of the International Phonetic Association.
7 A phonetic Transcription that gives a lot of detail is called a narrow Transcription.
8 When we Consider two related sounds in a relationship where one of them can only occur Where the other cannot occur, we say that the sounds are in complementary Distribution.
9 In the Study of suprasegmental phonology, the difference between ˈimport and imˈport Is a difference in stress.
10 The Difference between saying ‘yes’ on a rising pitch movement and on a falling Pitch movement is a difference of pitch.
11segment: (phoneme) division of every sound pot - /p-o-t/
Voiced (when There is vibration in a word) lenis b,d,g (weak)
Voiceless (when There is little vibration in a word) fortis t,k,p (strong)
13The Shortening effect occur when a vowel (short or long) or diphthongs Is followed by a consonant. Steal, Speak, Ski
Plosive: Explosion of air
Aspiration: Air when producing the plosion. Initial and final position
14Phases Of plosives:
closing Phase: movement of the articulator
compression Phase: holding of the air
release phase: Articular moves to allow the air to escape
15When Are fortis unaspirated
1 when the Fortis is after the consonant s
2. When the Fortis is in final position
3. When there are two fortis together
Que Significa cada mark
Lugares de Articulacion
Morfemas: Unidades de lenguaje qu