Third spanish republic

Classified in History

Written at on English with a size of 4.67 KB.

The Second Spanish Republic (April 1931 - July 1936 The last years of Primo de Rivera’s dictatorship were a period of crisis. So, the Second Spanish Republic began after the municipal elections in 1931. There were many parties, but the republican coalition (republicans, socialists and left-wing nationalists) won in the majority of provincial capitals and industrial regions.On 14th April 1931, the Second Spanish Republic was proclaimed and the king, Alfonso XIII, went to exile in France.Phases of the Second Spanish Republic.Firstly, after the municipal elections, there was a Provisional Government for months (1931), until the new state elections were held. The second phase was called the Progressive or Reformist Biennium (1931-1933), with its left-wing government that began the reforms, and in which the Constitution of 1931 was proclaimed.The next one was the Conservative Biennium (1933-1936), with a right-wing government, chosen by the first time by men and women suffrage, and which stopped the reforms.The fourth and final phase was the Popular Front (1936), with its left wing government, which promoted the reforms again. These reforms didn’t finish due to the Civil War.The Constitution of 1931.In June, new elections took place with the republican-socialist coalition victory. And in December a democratic and republican constitution was proclaimed, during the Reformist Biennium.characteristics of the Constitution of 1931.The possibility of autonomous regional government (similar to current CC.AA), male and female universal suffrage for people older than 23 years-old, civil marriage and divorce, extensive civil liberties and individual rights and it established that Spain was a non-confessional state.In the Constitution of 1931, the Legislative power was only composed of one chamber, the chamber of deputies.General reforms undertaken by the provisional government. The provisional government proclaimed several reforms: Provisional “Generalitat” in Catalonia.Political parties and trade unions were legalised. 8 hours working day.Insurance against accidents at workplaces. Minimum wages.But the most important reforms took place on the Reformist Biennium.

Entradas relacionadas: