Settings: The time and place of a story or play. Setting can also contribute to the conflict in a story.
Character: person in a story, poem or play. Most often a character is an ordinary human being.
The process of revealing the personality of a character in a story is called characterization. A writer can reveal a character by:
1. Letting (dejando) us hear the character speak.
2. Describing how the character looks and dresses.
3. Letting us listen to the character´s inner thoughts and feelings.
4. Revealing what other character´s in the story think or say about th character
5. Showing us what th character does-how he or she acts.
6.Telling us directly what the character´s personality is like: cruel, kind, sneaky, breave and so on.
The first five ways of revealing a character are know as indirect characterization. When a writer use indirect characterization, we have to use our own judgement to decide what a character is like, based on the evidence the writter give us but in direct characterization, we dont have to decide for ourselves, we are told directly what the character is like.
A Static character is one who does not change much in the course of a story by a contrast a dinamyc character changes as a result of the story´s events.
A flat character has only one or two traits (rasgos), and these can be described in a few words. Such a character has no depth (profundidad) , like a piece of cardboard. A round charachter, like a real person, has many different character traits, which sometimes contradict one another.
Static and flat characters often function as subordinate characters in a story. This means that they may play important roles in a story, but theye are not main characters.
The fears or conflicts or needs that drive a character are called motivation. Can be motivaded by many factors, such as vengeanse, fear, greed, love, even boredom.
Plot: Series of related events that make up a story of drama. Plot is what happens in a story, novel or play. A plot would include the story´s basic situation or exposition, the conflict or problem, the main events, (including complication, and the final the cliomax when we learn what the outcome of the confloict is going to be is the resolution or denouement.
Conflict: struggle or clash between oposing characters or opposing forces. In an external conflict, a character struggles against a outside force. This outside force migh be another character, or society as hole or something in nature. By contrast an internal conflict takes place entirely within th characters own mind. An internal conflict is a struggle between oposing needs or desires or emotions within a simple person.
Climax: Moment of great emotional intensity or suspense in a plot. The mayor climax usually marks when the conflict is decide one way o another.
Themes: Central idea of a work of literature. The them is something can be expresed in at least one sentence. Some themes are so commonly found in literature of all cultures and all ages that they are called universal themes.
Mood: It is the overall feeling or at,mosphere created by a work of literature. A writer creates the mood throught images, sound, word choise, and setting.