Ed of growing crops.
Aragón: the nobility abused the peasants, with the feudal abuses, as a result of the crisis in war, and Fernando II stopped it with the Sentencia Arbitral de Guadalupe in 1486. The trade was benefited by the incorporation of Italian territories.
THE GREAT EXPEDITION
What did the techniques in navigation allow to European explorers? Allow European explorers to set off on expeditions across the Atlantic Ocean and along the African coasts
What was the result of these explorations? The result was the discovery of the Americas and the establishment of a shipping route around the coast of Africa to Asia
Which were the most important incentives? Economic and ideological incentives
What happened when ottomans closed the trade routes that linked Europe to the orient? Spices had been traded along these routes and were in great demand. Europeans needed to find a way to re-established the contact with Orient
Do you think that new ways of thinking changed the ideology of the adventures? Yes because the new ways of thinking increased curiosity and people start individual initiatives.
conomy and society
Castilla: the most important economic activity is livestock farming. The cañadas reales were controlled by the Honrrado Consejo de la Mesta. The monarch wanted to control the exportation. Consequences: the development of Spanish textile, but the decrease
⁃Only monarchs of Castilla and Portugal began to finance exploratory voyages. F
⁃The kingdom of Portugal had a prince who was worried about the navigation. F
⁃Henry the navigator set off to explore the coast of Africa and the Atlantic. F
⁃Barrolomeu Días discovered the Cape of Good Hope in 1487. F
⁃The kingdom of Portugal tried to reach India via the eastern route. This expedition was led by Vasco de Gama. F
Compass: an instrument containing a magnetized pointer that shows the direction of magnetic north and bearings from it. Astrolabe: an instrument used to make astrological measurements, typically of the altitudes of celestial bodies, and in navigation for calculating latitude, before the development of the sextant Portolan charts: maps of the coasts showing where the ports were. Carracks: Large merchant ship of a kind operating in European waters from the 14th to the 17th century Caravel: a small, fast Spanish or Portuguese sailing ship of the 15th-17th centuries. Arquebuses: it’s a from of long gun that appeared in Europe and the Ottoman Empire during the 15th century Musket: a type of gun with a long barrel that was used in the past