BIG-HEARTED / CARING / COURAGEOUS /CRUEL / DEPENDABLE / MODEST/ OPTIMISTIC/ OUT GOING/ RESPONSIBLE/ SELFLESS/ SUPPORTIVE /SYMPATHETIC
GET AND MAKE:
GET BETTER / GET INVOLVED / GET PERMISSION /GET THE FEELING / GET THING DONE / GET USED TO / MAKE A PROMISE / MAKE AN EFFORT / MAKE AN IMPRESSION/ MAKE THE MOST OOF
ADVERTISE / APPEAL / APPEAR/ BROADCAST / CLAIM / EXAGGERATE / INFLUENCE / INFORM / MANIPULATE / PROMOTE / RECOMMEND.
BARGAING/ BID / BROWSE/ BROWSER/ CHARGE / CONSUME / CONSUMER / PURCHASE / REFUND / SELECT / SELECTION / SUPPLIER/ SPPLY
REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS / EMPATHIC PRONOUNS / EACH OTHER AND ONE OTHER.
MY SELF / YOURSELF / HIM/HER SELF/ IT SELF / OUR O THEM SELVES.
EACH OTHER: ELS UNS ALS ALTRES
ONE ANOTHER: UNS ALTRES (RECIPROCAL PRONOUNS)
ADDITIVE / AMOUNT / CALORIE / CARBOHYDRATE / FAT / FIBRE 7 MINERAL / NUTRIENT / PRESERVATIVE / PROTEIN / SERVING / VITAMIN / BALANCED / DELICIOUS /
VERBS HOW THINGS FUNCTION:
ABSORB / BOOST / CONSUME / CRASH/ PERFORM / PROCESS/ RELEASE/ REPAIR / REST/ TRANSPORT
PHRASAL VERBS: WELL- BEING
CALM DOWN/ CHEER UP/ CUT DOWN / GET OUT / JOIN IN / LIVEN UP /LOSEEN UP / OPEN UP / SET UP / SLOW DOWN / STRESS / TAJKE UP / CUT DOWN
ANTIDOTE/ MATTER / MOOD/ SESSION / TREATMENT/ WELL-BEING
ACHES AND PAINS:
ANCHING MUSCLES/ ALLERGIC REACTION / BROKEN LEG / BRUISED KNEE/ DISLOCATED SHOULDER/ ITCHY KNEE/ SORE BACK / SPREINED WRIST/ STIFF NECK/ SWOLLEN ANKLE.
CAMPAIGN/ DEMOSRATION/ ISSUE/ MARCH/ PETITION/ PROTEST/ RALLY/ SIT-IN/ SPEECH/ STRIKE/ STRUGGLE
BIASED/ FURIOUS/ INNEFFECTIVE/ LABOUR-SAVING/ PROHIBITIVE/ SIGNIFICANT
AMAZED/ AMAZING/ AMUSED -ING / ANNOYED -ING/ BORED -ING/ DISAPPOINTED-ING/FRUSTATED -ING/ IRRITATED -ING / SHOKED-ING / SUPRISED-ING
DIRECT “It is sunny today”, she said.
REPORTED She said it was sunny that day.
DIRECT “I didn’t win the match yesterday”, he said
REPORTED He said that he hadn’t won the match the day before.
BEGINNING WITH QUESTION WORDS
DIRECT “Where do you live?”, he asked me
REPORTED He asked me where I lived.
BEGINNING WITH A VERB
DIRECT “Will all cars he electric next decade?”, he asked
REPORTED He asked if all cars would be electric the following decade.
3. REPORTED COMMANDS/REQUESTS
DIRECT “Open the door”, The teacher said told us.
REPORTED The teacher told us to open the door.
DIRECT “Don’t make noise, please, the teacher asked us.
REPORTED The teacher asked us not to make noise.
4. REPORTED SUGGESTIONS
DIRECT Let’s go to the cinema!
Shall we go to the cinema? ,He suggested
Why don’t we go to the cinema?
How/What about going to the cinema?
He suggested going to the cinema.
DIRECT Let’s go to the cinema, Jane! (que pasa si tinc a la persona que li faig la sugerencia i no li puc dir? Doncs hi ha una nova estructura que seria:)
REPORTED He suggested that Jane goes to the cinema. (la única manera que aparegui la Jane es fent aquest reported)
IF + Present simple / Present simple (zero conditional)
Ex: If you heat water, it boils. ( si escalfes aigua, bull)
When you heat water, it boils.
We use the zero conditional when I can substitute if for when
IF + Present simple / Future simple (first conditional)
Ex: If you study, you will pass the exam.
la podem canviar : You will pass the exam. If you study.
We use the first conditional to describe a future situation that is likely to happen (probable que passi).
IF+ Past simple / Conditional simple ( second conditional)
Conditional simple: Would + verb ( bare form)
Ex: If you studied , you would pass the exam.
ATTENTION: If I were rich, I would buy an.
I use the second conditional to describe a future situation that is unlikely to happen ( improvable que passi).
IF + Past perfect / Conditional perfect ( third conditional)
Ex: If you had studied, you would have passed the exam.
I use the third conditional to describe a past situation that didn’t happen ( que no va passar)
PAST PERFECT SIMPLE
Affirmative: I had played (havia jugat)
I had written
Negative: I hadn’t played
Interrogative: Had you played
Present Perfect Simple
+ Has/have + verb -ed ( I have worked )
- Haven’t hasn’t + verb -ed ( I haven’t worked )
? Have/ Has + subject + verb -ed ( Have I worked )
Present Perfect Progressive
+ Subject + have/has + been + verb - ing (They have been learning Maths for 2 years )
- Subject + have/ has + not + been + verb -ing ( They have not been learning Maths for 2 years)
? Have / has + Subject + been + verb -ing ( Have they been learning Maths for 2 years ?)
Past Perfect Simple
+ Subject + had + verb -ed
- Subject + hadn’t + verb -ed
? Had + subject + verb -ed
Can’t have + participle
May have + participle
Must have + participle
Should / ought to have + participle
It is impossible that Mary wrote that essay
Mary can’t have written that essay
1. OBJECT QUESTIONS
Question Word + Auxiliary + Subject + Verb + Objects?
Ex: What did you watch on TV yesterday?
2. SUBJECT QUESTIONS
Question Word (subject) + Verb + Objects?
Ex: Who won the match last Sunday?
3. QUESTION TAGS
si l’oració es positiva la question tag serà negativa, si es negativa la question tag serà positiva.
Si el verb is in the past simple posem didn’t.
Ex: You speak 3 languages, don’t you?
Ex: He didn’t pass the exam, did he?
Ex: They are preparing the presentation, aren’t they?
4. QUESTIONS ENDING WITH PREPOSITION
Amb qui vius?
Amb qui treballes?
En que penses?
It is obligatory to start with the question word and the preposition put at the end.
Ex: Who do you live with?