Kligman and Limoncelli reading: Trafficking Women after Socialism: To, Through, and From Eastern Europe: Anti-trafficking protocols tend to focus on trafficking in women for sexual exploitation. As Europe grows, the boundaries between prostitution, labor migration, and trafficking become harder to define. The collapse of communism catapulted former socialist countries into the global economy, making available the influence of multinational corporations. Poverty plays a consistent factor in human trafficking. Many women engage in sex trade opportunities because of the potential to gain higher income. NGO’s and IGO’s have actively formulating strategies to combat human trafficking, but because it occurs globally, it requires local, regional, national, and international cooperation. Wars have facilitated trafficking. Sending countries typically have a higher female unemployment rate. As income disparities widen across the globe, and as the service economy grows, it is ever more imperative that enduring gender inequalities in valuing women’s work and recognizing women’s rights be rectified. Until attention is focused on the demand side of trafficking—in all of its forms—and poverty is not a resource for profit-driven entrepreneurs the world over, trafficking will continue not only to exist but to expand.