Power can be gained through military force, respect, and or family heritage. It can be used in conquering and creating laws into effect. Lastly, power is primarily justified through propaganda and through the people.
Power can be gained through many ways. Through good or bad. It can be gained through (military) force, elections or family heir or heritage. Throughout class there has been many examples of this. One example is the Spanish Conquistadors and how they rose to power. In 1519 the Conquistadors, also known as the Spanish conquerors of the Americas, marched to the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan, with a small body of military troops to take control of the city. Once completed they then captured their leader, named Montezuma. This lead them to take rule over the land. They did this through the power of their military force. Another example is the Spanish. The Spanish who made an alliance with the rivals of the Aztecs, Tlaxcala, conquered the Aztecs through the force by destroying the city. Over the next 30 years they took control of all of Mexico. This is an example of power being gained through conquering land and through force. Power can also be obtained through the their position in the social structure. The people at the top, who have the most powe. They were called Peninsulares. These are Officials that had been born in Europe and held all important government positions. In the past unit, Ancient China created the Mandate of Heaven, which gave the ruler a religious importance. This allowed the new ruler to gain power quickly because of the people’s beliefs which is an example of gaining power through the people. One current connection of how power can be is North Korea. Their power is gained, or given, through family (heir). North Korea which was by Kim Jong-il for quite some time died a couple years ago. The leadership was than passed his down to his son Kim Jong-un. This is an example of power through family.
Most rulers or countries that gain a power see to use power any way they want. For good or for bad, or however they see fit for the people of themselves. It can be used to strengthen military, to put laws into effect, expanding/conquering land, or resolving conflicts. Throughout this class unit there has been many examples of how power can be used. One system that goes along with this idea of power usage is Mita. Mita is a system that allowed authorities to draft natives to work in the silver mines. This is how they used their power. Another example can be the Treaty of Tordesillas. This limited Spain's and Portugal's power over the newly discovered land of America, and two it's an example of putting laws or rules into effect. The Treaty of Tordesillas was an agreement between Spain and Portugal over the land that was discovered by Christopher Columbus. It then equally divided their power. One historical example is Adolf Hitler. Hitler, who was once a dictator of Germany and chancellor, used his power in a not so good way. Yea, he could be considered good leader but his policies that were followed by his Nazi party weren't good. He believed that being Jewish wasn't right because he blamed them for the loss they took in war and all Germany's issues. He then used his power to “eliminate” any person that practiced Judaism or who was suspected to be. This an example of unlawful use of power. In my life there have been many examples of how power has been used. School authorities such as teachers or principals is one example. They use their power for the better of the students and their safety and not themselves. This an example of good use of power. They don't overuse their power in any bad ways.
Justification of power is very important because it can lead to change. Power can be justified through many ways. Primarily through propaganda or through the people's voice or actions. In this unit there have been many ways that power has been justified. King Alfonso, who was the leader of the Congo, is good example of justifying power. He didn't agree with the trading of slaves and was concerned about his country. So he then wrote a letter about said concerns so that the trading can stop. Even though it was denied it is still an example of power justification. Queen Isabella put a stop to encomienda which was the laboring that the Native Americans did for the Spanish landowners. She believed this was wrong so she put rules into effect that protected these workers that were treated poorly. This stopped their unlawful power use over them. It was justified by the Queen. Dictators often create a foreign threat in order to gain control over the state and appear as the people's only salvation. For example, Adolf Hitler blamed the Jews for Germany's problems and justified his actions during the Holocaust by using propaganda aimed at vilifying the Jews. Also, Gandhi is a good example of ways to justify power. He lead the Salt March which was a protest against the British rule in India. This brought the attention of many people which than led to a change in power over India. In today's world, power has been justified through protests and voice of the people so in my life I can connect this theme power justification to the rioting. One major example of this is the riots that have been a result of Donald Trump’s ideas. Some people don't agree with him so they are using their voice to try and make a change.
To sum up, power can be seen as a blessing or a curse. Throughout the world's history there have been many examples of power being gained, used, and justified for good and for bad. It all depends on the type of a ruler the person is.