ICAO definition moderate icing

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MOIST-HEAD TECHNIQUES: Methods in which heat is conducted to foods by wather or other liquid or by Steam:

- SIMMER (similar a Pochar, la unica diferencia el temps):  To cook in wáter or other liquid that is bubbing gently (85-96 graus)

- STEAM: To cook by direct contact with steam

- BOIL: To cook in water or other liquid that is bubbling Rapidly, about 100 degrees at sea level and at normal preassure

- POACH: To cook gently in water or other liquid that is hot But not actually bubbing (71-82 graus)

- BLANCH: To cook an ítem partially and very briefly in Boiling water or in hot fat. Usually a pre-preparation technique, as to loosen Peels of vegetables, fruits, and nuts, to partially cook French fries or other Foods before service, to prepare for freezing, or to remove undesirable flavors

DRY-HEAT COOKING METHODS: Methods in Which heat is conducted to foods without the use of moisture: by hot air, hot Metal, radiation or hot fat:


- GRIDDLE: To cook on a flat, solid cooking surface called a griddle

- BAKE: To cook foods by surrounding them with hot, dry air. Similar to roast, but the term bake usually applies to breads, pastries, vegetables And fish

- BARBACUE: To cook with dry heat created by the burning of Hardwood or by the hot coals of this wood. Loosely, to cook over hot coals, Such as on a grill or spit, often with a seasoned marinade or basting sauce

- BROIL: To cook with radiant heat from above

- GRILL: To cook on an open grid over a heat source

- PAN-BROIL: To cook uncovered in a skillet or sauté pan without Fat

- ROAST: To cook foods by surrounding them whit hot, dry air In an oven or on a spit in front of an open fire

- SMOKE-ROAST: To cook with dry heat in the presence of smoke, as On a rack over wood chips in a cover pan


- DEEP-FRY: To cook submerged in hot fat

- FRY: To cook in hot fat

- SAUTÉ: To cook quickly in a small amount of fat, usually While mixing or tossing the foods by occasionally flipping the pan

- PAN-FRY: To cook in a moderate amount of fat in an uncovered Pan

- STIR-FRY: To cook quickly in a small amount of fat by tossing Cut-up foods in a wok or pan with spatulas or similar implements. Similar to sauté, Except the pan is stationary (no es mou)


- STEW: To cook completely covered in a liquid, usually After preliminary browning. To cook cetain vegetables slowly in a liquid Without preliminary browning

- BRAISE: To simmer or braise a food or foods in a small Amount of liquid, which is usually served with the food as a sauce

- PAPILLOTE (podria anar a Moist or mixed): Wrapped in paper (or sometimes foil) for cooking so the Enclosed food is steamed in its own moisture

- GLAZE: To give shine to the surface of a food by applying a Sauce, aspic, sugar, or icing, and/or by browning or melting under a broiler or Salamander or in an oven


- SWEAT: To cook slowly in fat without browning, sometimes Under a cover

- SEAR: To brown the surface of a food quickly at a high Temperature

- REDUCE: To cook by simmering or boiling until the quantity Of liquid is decreased often to concentrate flavors

- DEGLAZE: To swirl a liquid in a saute pan, roast pan, or Other pan to dissolve cooked particles of food remaining on the bottom

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