Unit 1: Into to Canada 1900-1914
Immigration: The movement of people from a country into another country
Canada's largest wave of immigration was experienced between 1901 and 1911. Three reasons to increase immigration were cheap labor for businesses, prevent USA from expanding into territories, and satisfy railroads and businesses who believed there would be a demand for Canadian natural resources.
Open Door Policy: An act providing few restrictions on who could immigrate to Canada, with the exception of Criminals.
Nationalism: Feeling of extreme patriotism to one's country (Britain).
Metis: A person of mixed American Indian and Euro-American ancestry; 19th century constituted the Metis nation in areas around the Red and Saskatchewan rivers.
Anglo conformity: Immigrants should abandon their cultural traditions and adopt the behavior and values of English society.
Push Factor: Things that caused people to leave/made them want to leave their country for another country.
-Political or religious persecution
-Poor economic conditions
-Lack of land
Pull Factor: Things that made another country appealing to immigrants/make them want to move there.
-Low cost of travel to Canada
-Chance at new start, education, decent income, good jobs
-Better future for their children
Types of Immigrants:
1) Canada preferred British, American Agriculturalists, French, Belgians, Dutch, Scandinavian, Swiss, Finns, Russians, Austro-Hungarians, Germans, Ukrainians, Polish.
2) Canada did NOT want Italians, South Slavs, Greeks, Syrians, Jews, Asians, Gypsies, Blacks.
Attracting Immigrants: Massive advertisingcampaign, posters, pamphlets, traveling exhibition vans, 165 hectares of free land for every family.
The Canadian Pacific Railway and steamships made it easier for people to come to Canada.
British Empire: Australia, South Africa, and New Zealand were three countries, along with Canada, who were part of the British Empire.
1) 1907: Riots broke out in BC, protesting immigration from China, Japan and India.
1) Clifford Sifton: Canadian Minister of the interior; responsible for implementing Canada's open door policy; desired experienced, strong, healthy farming immigrants.
2) Louis Riel:
3) Thomas Scott:
4) Sam McLaughlin:
5) Lucy Maude Montgomery:
6) Stephen Leacock:
7) Guglielmo Marconi:
8) Reginald Fessenden:
9) Mary Pickford:
10) Tom Longboat: Collapsed at the London Olympics in 1908, and was carried grief-stricken off the course. He was one of the most famous athletes in the early 20th century.