SYPHILIS: Caused by the spirochete bacterium Treponema Pallidum
Signs and symptoms: Primary stage: classically presents with a single chancre (firm, painless, non-itchy skin ulceration) that is formed Approximately 21 days after exposure. This ulcers are usually on the penis, in The vagina, around the anus and in the mouth. The chancre disappears between 4 To 8 weeks without medication.Secondary stage: diffuse rash which frequently involves the palms of the hands and Soles of the feet, latent syphilis with little to no symptoms.Tertiary stage: It begins when primary and secondary symptoms disappear. It Involves neurological or cardiac symptoms. Difficulties coordinating muscle Movements, paralysis, gradual blindness, death.Congenital syphilis: it may also be transmitted from mother to fetus during pregnancy Or at birth, leading to the secondary stage, tertiary stage and death.Treatment: Antibiotic Penicillin injections
Caused by the bacterium Neisseria Gonorrhoeae
Signs And symptomsMen: burning With urination and penile white-yellow discharge.Women: asymptomatic Or have white-yellow vaginal discharge and pelvic pain.
In both men and women if gonorrhea is left Untreated, it may spread locally causing epididymitis (inflammation of the Epididymis) or pelvic inflammatory disease (inflammation of the Fallopian Tubes) or throughout the body, affecting joints and heart valves.Congenital gonorrhea: infection of the eyes leading to blindness.Treatment: Antibiotic Cephalosporin (pills). Neisseria Gonorrhoeae is resistant to Penicillin.
Caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis.Signs and symptoms: Men: burning sensation when urinating and a Transparent discharge from their penis.Women: Symptoms are usually mild or absent (silent Disease). Women who have symptoms might have a transparent vaginal discharge.
In women, untreated Infection can spread into the uterus or fallopian tubes and cause pelvic Inflammatory disease causing irreversible damage.Infertility can occur "silently" before a woman ever recognizes a problem.Complications among men Are rare. Infection sometimes spreads to the epididymis, causing pain, fever, And, rarely, sterility.Treatment: antibiotic Azithromycin