EDGAR ALLAN POE
Edgar Allan Poe(1809-1849)was an American Writer, editor and literary critic. He served as editor of several literary Journals, such is Broadway Journal. He wrote poems, short stories and literary Criticism (“The Poetic Principle”). He gathered some of his short stories in “Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque (1840)”. They deal with the fantastic, With mystery and horror. While reading G.A.P you find some strangeness in the Beautiful and it is evident in the setting, his plots take place in the Unspecified past and locations, or invented geography; intense subjectivism, Conveyed by first person perspective; extreme subjective states, where Poe’s Characters are usually nervous ; mad or hallucinating by drugs, in general, his Characters are outsiders, extraordinary individuals. Some of his works are “The Black Cat” or “The Tell-Tell Heart”.
Walt Whitman (1819-1892)is the most Influential American poet. His main book is “Leaves of Grass”, but he expanded It adding to it prose pieces and sections, like “Calamus” and “Children is Adam”. The book transcribes into poetry all facets of life in the country in an Abstract and sophisticated way. His use of sexual imagery let him to be accused Of obscenity, and he had to defend himself against such accusation in the Court. He invented the free verse and called it “versicle”, claiming that its Unity was given by breadling. He also twisted language beyond recognition, to The point of dissolving “natural syntax”. He is one of the first poets to write About modern phenomena. He is the “father or modern poetry”.
Emily Dickinson’s(1830-1886) poetry is often “self-portrait”. Her main themes are the awareness of death; the strong sense Of difference (psychological rather than social); natural impressions, Descriptions of animals and natural phenomena; psychological states (melancholy); passing of time; and social and psychological confinement. It’s Style is relatively simple, often allegorical with elliptical syntax and short Meters. She published seven poems in her life, out of nearly two thousand she Wrote . She was a main representative of mid-century American Poetry and Unconventional from her contemporaries.
EZRA POUND (1885-1972)
Pound started writing imagist poetry, Producing hard images and juxtapositions. However, his poems stopped being Imagist since he was always interested in the past, and thus, he was the father Of the translations and adaptations movement. This new tendency was reflected In his book Cathay, which is an Adaptation of a collection of Chinese poems.
He wrote a long poem called `Hugh Selwyn Mauberley´, made up from Different parts of Pound’s life in London, when he met a lot of people, Complaining about world, society and also talking about the city, modernity, Commercial values etc. And the suffering of the world with this sick Civilization. He always maintains a pessimistic view, and complains that art Has not place in this modern society; however, it is interesting how it is Written: allusive, containing a lot of metaphors of these topics, extremely Dense language etc.
T.S Elliot was a great expert on metaphysical Poetry, as well as on empirical and rationalism writing. He was many things at The same time: a scholar, poet, dramatist, literary critic, editor etc. From His early work, we can highlight poems such as Prufrock (his first one), Love Song and The Waste Land, which is His most famous poem, but also allusive, complicated and difficult to follow. As a dramatist, he stood out plays such as Family Reunion; however, they did Not the same success as his poems.
Besides he wrote important critics about Elizabethan drama, dealing with political and social issues. He considered the Basic problem of modernity the dissociation of sensibility and he also saw Technology as the key for social isolation, and people are lost in modernity, Being the solution art.