Concept of education

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February - June 1936


-Niceto Alcalá-Zamora president of the Republic.

-Manuel Azaña leader of the Republican and Socialist government.

- José Calvo Sotelo assasination led to a military insurrection.

-Alejandro Lerroux leader of the centrist Radical Republican party

-Emilio Mola leader of the coup d’etat to end the Republic.

-Manuel Azaña and Santiago Casares leaders of the New government.

-Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera (son of Miguel Primo de Rivera)


ECONOMIC REFORMS: agrarian reform and the distribution of landholdings amongst peasants and cooperatives.SOCIAL REFORMS: improved working conditions, reduction of the influence of the Church in teaching. Establishment of civil  marriage and divorce.  CULTURAL REFORMS: public education and the creation of schools increasing the number of teachers.

POLITICAL REFORMS: political descentralisation Passing statues for Catalonia and the Basque Country. MILITARY REFORMS: reduction of the military Officials forcing the retirement of those  who didn’t swore loyalty to the Republic. 

- Economic problems and corruption.-Strapelo Scandal.-1936 February elections.

-Increase in Strikes.- CEDA demanded Positions in the govermnet which led to the October Revolution 1934 in:- Asturias:social revolution leadered by the miners-Barcelona: Proclamation of the Catalan State.-Dissolvement of The statue of autonomy and the Generalitat.

Reestablishment Of the agrarian reforms.-Political Radicalisation-PSOE gained Momentum and the foundation of the Falange Española by José Antonio Primo de Rivera imposing a fascist regime.-Tragic Spring Consisting of attacks and street violence between falangist, anarchists and Communist activits.

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