Behaviouralism disregards political culture

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From the 15th century, Europe’s monarchs gained more power. Establishment of absolute monarchies England and the Netherlands
The wars achieve hegemony.18th century. Europe’s most powerful countries England, Holland and France Portugal and Spain became less important.
Europe reaffirmed its position as the worldThe ports of London, Hamburg and Marseilles became very important. Europe’s population grew quickly thanks to good weather conditions for farming and the consumption of new foods

Its a new philosophical movement. Particulary french of political absolutism and religious orthodoxy. 17th century thinkers central role in the acquisition of knowledge. Age of Enlightenment long period of darkness. The intellectual proposals broke away from this past. Especially growing the middle class. Secular culture rationalism and critical spirit.
-Reason, happiness, freedom, tolerance, progress
-Montesquieu: (1689-1755) was a French lawyer who criticised absolute monarchies where the king held all fundamental powers. He proposed a moderate monarchy with separation of the executive, legislative and judicial powers.
-Voltaire (1694- 1778) Voltaire criticised religious fanaticism and the structure of the Church. He was an advocate of freedom of religion.
-Rousseau (1712-1778) He was the first to outline the idea of democracy within the framework
 of political liberalism.
-Technological advances:
Mercury thermometer, centigrade temperature scale, binomial nomenclature, isolated oxygen, the battery, the lightning rod.

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