RUSSIA OF TSAR: 20 cent, russ emp was ruled by tsar Nicholas II. + Tsarist empire: civil rights were not recognized, tsar was supported by a bureaucracy, army and orthodox church. Russ emp had an agrarian semi-feudal economy, was worked by a peasant majority. Peasants living conditions were very bad, agricultural economy with low production, was not enough to feed the entire population, there had been some introduction of capitalism in the empire, industry was created whit foreign capital, industrialization meant the emergence of industrial workers. +politics: opposition to tsarism was growing as a result of the industrialization progress, they spread liberal ideas. Anarchism created clandestine organizations. 1898 Russ social decocratic labour party RSDLP, divided 2 groups: Mensheviks and bolsheviks. +revolution 1905: during reign Nicholas II social and political agitation increased, due poor living conditions and increasing corruption at the court, there were protests against the absolutist Tsarist regime. Bloody Sunday were the events that caused grave consequences for the tsarist regime.+russ battleship Potemkin: was made famous by the rebellion of the crew against their oppressive officers. The rebelion started. RUSS OF THE TSARS:WWI broke out, internacional alliances pushed russ to participate defending slavic people against Gr and Austria. 1917 russ decided to continue in the war, factories were transformed into war industries and agricultural production decrease. Products became scarce, prices rose, purchasing power was decreased, hunger spread, military defeats against GR. The situation caused great mortality, military and economic disaster. +fall of tsarisim: popular groups took the streets demanding an end to the war and improving living conditions, this ended a week later in a general strike. Soviets were formed with representatives from the workers, peasants, soldiers. Tsar and government refuse to leave the war and Nicholas II abdicate. Duma imposed provisional government headed by Prince Lvov. New government promised political reforms. War continued and living conditions not improve, two political forces: provisional government and soviets.+dual power: government of Lvov was overtaken. Lenin argued that the revolution had to become a proletarian revolution, government reforms didn’t progress, the situation was worse. Lvov was replaced by alexis Kerensky. The bolsheviks took the initiative, Trotsky took the leadership.